Fahd of Saudi Arabia
Fahd bin Abdulaziz Al Saud (Arabic: فهد بن عبد العزيز آل سعود Fahd ibn ‘Abd al-‘Azīz Āl Sa‘ūd; 1921 or 1923 – 1 August 2005) was King of Saudi Arabia and Custodian of the Two Holy Mosques from 13 June 1982 to his death in 2005. He was one of 45 sons of Saudi founder Ibn Saud and the fourth of his six sons who were kings (Saud, Faisal, Khalid, Fahd, Abdullah and Salman).
Fahd was appointed crown prince when his half-brother Khalid succeeded another half-brother King Faisal, who was assassinated in 1975. Fahd was viewed as the de facto prime minister during King Khalid’s reign in part due to the latter’s ill health. Fahd ascended to the throne on the death of King Khalid on 13 June 1982.
King Fahd is credited for having introduced the Basic Law of Saudi Arabia in 1992. He suffered a debilitating stroke in 1995, after which he was unable to continue performing his full official duties. His half-brother Abdullah served as de facto regent of the kingdom and succeeded Fahd as king upon his death in August 2005.