Franz Liszt




Franz Liszt (German: [ˈlɪst]HungarianLiszt Ferencz, in modern usage Liszt Ferenc [ˈlist ˈfɛrɛnt͡s];[n 1] 22 October 1811 – 31 July 1886) was a Hungarian composer, virtuoso pianist, conductor, music teacher, arranger, and organist of the Romantic era. He is widely regarded as one of the greatest pianists of all time.[1] He was also a writer, philanthropistHungarian nationalist, and Franciscan tertiary.

Liszt gained renown in Europe during the early nineteenth century for his prodigious virtuosic skill as a pianist.[2] He was a friend, musical promoter and benefactor to many composers of his time, including Frédéric ChopinCharles-Valentin AlkanRegina WatsonRichard WagnerHector BerliozRobert SchumannClara SchumannCamille Saint-SaënsEdvard GriegOle BullJoachim RaffMikhail Glinka, and Alexander Borodin.[citation needed]

A prolific composer, Liszt was one of the most prominent representatives of the New German School (GermanNeudeutsche Schule). He left behind an extensive and diverse body of work which influenced his forward-looking contemporaries and anticipated 20th-century ideas and trends. Among Liszt’s musical contributions were the symphonic poem, developing thematic transformation as part of his experiments in musical form, and radical innovations in harmony.

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