Hippolyte Adolphe Taine




Hippolyte Adolphe Taine (21 April 1828 – 5 March 1893) was a French critic and historian. He was the chief theoretical influence of French naturalism, a major proponent of sociological positivism and one of the first practitioners of historicist criticism. Literary historicism as a critical movement has been said to originate with him.[1] Taine is also remembered for his attempts to provide a scientific account of literature.

Taine had a profound effect on French literature; the 1911 Encyclopædia Britannica asserted that “the tone which pervades the works of ZolaBourget and Maupassant can be immediately attributed to the influence we call Taine’s.”[2] Through his work on the French Revolution, Taine has been credited as having ‘forged the architectural structure of modern French right-wing historiography’

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