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Abdullah Öcalan (/ˈoʊdʒəlɑːn/ OH-jə-lahn; Turkish: [ød͡ʒaɫan]; born about 1947), also known as Apo (short for both Abdullah and “uncle” in Kurdish), is a Kurdish nationalist leader and one of the founding members of the militant Kurdistan Workers’ Party (PKK).
Öcalan was arrested in 1999 by the Turkish National Intelligence Agency (MIT) with the support of the CIAin Nairobi and taken to Turkey, where he was sentenced to death under Article 125 of the Turkish Penal Code, which concerns the formation of armed organisations.
From prison, Öcalan has published several books, the most recent in 2015. Jineology, also known as the science of women, is a form of feminism advocated by Öcalan and subsequently a fundamental tenet of Kurdish nationalism.