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Adrian Adolph Greenburg

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Adrian Adolph Greenburg (March 3, 1903 – September 13, 1959), widely known as Adrian, was an American costume designer whose most famous costumes were for The Wizard of Oz and hundreds of Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer films between 1928 and 1941. He was usually credited onscreen with the phrase “Gowns by Adrian”. Early in his career he chose the professional name Gilbert Adrian, a combination of his father’s forename and his own.

Adrian was born on March 3, 1903, in Naugatuck, Connecticut, to Gilbert and Helena (Pollak) Greenburg. Adrian’s father Gilbert was born in New York and his mother Helena in Waterbury, Connecticut. Both sides of the family were Jewish. Joseph Greenburg and his wife Frances were from Russia, while Adolph Pollak and Bertha (Mendelsohn) Pollak were from Bohemia and Germany, respectively.

In 1920 Adrian entered the New York School for Fine and Applied Arts (now Parsons School of Design)[1]. In 1922 he transferred to the NYSFAA Paris campus, and while there, he was contracted by Irving Berlin to design settings and costumes for Berlin’s Music Box Revue of 1922-23 in New York

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